Top 100 Common Mistakes in English Grammar Usage
दोस्तों, competitive exams (SSC, BANK ETC.) में English Grammar errors (common mistakes in English Grammar) से संबंधित चार से पांच प्रश्न हर वर्ष पूछे जाते हैं| इस लेख में 100 से ज्यादा English Grammar (parts of speech, noun, pronoun, subject-verb agreement etc) से related सभी errors को विस्तारपूर्वक समझाया गया है|
common mistakes in English Grammar #1
Incorrect: Mohans’ eyes reflect a hope for a better future in a software company.
Correct: Mohan’s eyes reflect a hope for a better future in a software company.
Incorrect: The government is not aware of the poor’s problems.
Correct: The government is not aware of the problems of the poor.
Incorrect: He put your sign here.
Correct: He put your signature here.
Note:- sign is verb and signature is Noun
Incorrect: people say that the police is investigating the case
Correct: people say that the police are investigating the case
Incorrect: I heard these news in the morning.
Correct: I heard this news in the morning.
Incorrect: I saw many sheeps and deers in the jungle.
Correct: I saw many sheep and deer in the jungle.
Incorrect: He gave me his advices on this project.
Correct: He gave me his advice on this project.
Incorrect: The porter demanded fifty rupees to carry my luggages.
Correct: The porter demanded fifty rupees to carry my luggage.
Incorrect: Our surrounding was pleasant.
Correct: Our surroundings were pleasant.
( surroundings is always plural)
Incorrect: All his furnitures have been sold.
Correct: All his furniture has been sold.
(furniture is UCN and UCN is always singular and takes singular verbs)
Incorrect: I have many works to do.
Correct: I have much work to do.
Incorrect: Rice are the staple food of Indians.
Correct: Rice is the staple food of Indians.
(Rice is a UCN)
Incorrect: Very few peoples are smart.
Correct: Very few people are smart.
Incorrect: Parents must pay attention to the bringing of his children.
Correct: Parents must pay attention to the bringing of their children
Incorrect: Every student should respect their teachers
Correct: Every student should respect his teachers.
Incorrect: I have two hundreds rupees only
Correct: I have two hundred rupees only.
common mistakes in English Grammar #2
Incorrect: I, you and he will go to London.
Correct: You, he and I will go to London.
Explanation:– When all three persons [1st,2nd,3rd ] pronouns are used altogether, then they are used in the following manner:- [2nd+3rd+1st ]
Incorrect: Let her and I do this work.
Correct: Let her and me do this work.
Explanation:–object pronouns are used after Let, like, between, but, except and preposition.
Incorrect: This pen is my
Correct: This pen is mine.
i.e.- My/our/his/her/your/their +Noun
Possessive pronouns:-mine, ours, yours, his, hers, theirs
Possessive adjectives:-my, our, your, his, her, their
Incorrect: Your problem is bigger than me.
Correct: Your problem is bigger than mine.
Correct: Your problem is bigger than my problem.
Explanation:– the same things are compared(problem with problem & men with men)
common mistakes in English Grammar #3
Incorrect: She is more stronger than his brother.
Correct: She is stronger than his brother.
Incorrect: Ravi is elder than Yusuf.
Correct: Ravi is older than Yusuf.
Incorrect: Kashmir is more beautiful than any part of the country.
Correct: Kashmir is more beautiful than any other part of the country.
Incorrect: He is the best of all other boys.
Correct: He is the best of all the boys.
Incorrect: I have less worries than you.
Correct: I have fewer worries than you.
Incorrect: You are junior than I.
Correct: You are junior to me.
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common mistakes in English Grammar #4
Incorrect: Had he worked hard he would pass the examination in first class.
Correct: Had he worked hard he would have passed the examination in first class.
Incorrect: If I studied well, I will pass.
Correct: If I studied well, I would pass.
Incorrect: If I followed the instruction I could have averted the mishap.
Correct: If I had followed the instruction I could have averted the mishap.
Incorrect: If I would know what you wanted i would help you.
Correct: If I knew what you wanted i would help you.
Incorrect: Unless you worked hard, you will not succeed.
Correct: Unless you work hard, you will not succeed.
common mistakes in English Grammar #5
Incorrect: Not only he is intelligent but honest.
Correct: He is not only intelligent but also honest.
Explanation:– There are a number of situations which require you to use parallel structure. They are:-
Both X and Y . . .
Not X but Y
Not only X but also Y . . .
Neither X nor Y . . .
Either X or Y . . .
Ex:– My mother likes cooking and to read. (incorrect)
My mother likes cooking and reading. (correct)
Incorrect: Hardly the sun had risen when we set out.
Correct: The sun had hardly risen when we set out.
Correct: Hardly had the sun risen when we set out.
Explanation:–When a negative word goes at the beginning of a sentence, we use an inverted word order. That means the auxiliary verb goes before the subject.
Incorrect: Hardly had he left than his friend came.
Correct: Hardly had he left when his friend came.
Incorrect: Not only he abused me but also beat me.
Correct: Not only did he abuse me but beat me also.
Explanation:– Not only +H.V. +Sub. +…………………….. but also + sub. +verb
common mistakes in English Grammar #6
Incorrect: The terrorist will certainly be hung because the charges brought upon him are very serious.
Correct: The terrorist will certainly be hanged because the charges brought upon him are very serious.
Incorrect: She told to me an interesting story.
Correct: She told me an interesting story.
The verb tell is followed by an indirect object without to.
Incorrect: My father told me that honesty was the best policy.
Correct: My father told me that honesty is the best policy.
Incorrect: I am ill for two weeks.
Correct: I have been ill for two weeks.
Incorrect: It is in 1930 that we first flew to the United States.
Correct: It was in 1930 that we first flew to the United States.
Incorrect: I discussed about my plans.
Correct: I discussed my plans.
The verbs discuss, describe, order and request are transitive verbs. They should be followed by direct objects and not prepositions.
common mistakes in English Grammar #7
Correct: My aunt and my uncle are arriving by train.
Incorrect: Each of these boys play games.
Correct: Each of these boys plays games.
Incorrect: Each of the drivers have an oxygen tank.
Incorrect: Each of the driver has an oxygen tank.
Correct: Each of the drivers has an oxygen tank.
Explanation:–Each/every/either/neither/none/anyone/any/one+ of +the + N/P (plural) +S.V.
Incorrect: The police has arrested him on the charge of theft.
Correct: The police have arrested him on the charge of theft.
Incorrect: There is much demand for fuel as the number of vehicles are increasing day by day.
Correct: There is much demand for fuel as the number of vehicles is increasing day by day.
A number of + plural noun + P.V.
The number of + Plural noun + S.V.
Incorrect: Many a student have passed the medical exam.
Correct: Many a student has passed the medical exam.
(many + a/an +S.N. + S.V.)
Common errors in English Grammar
Incorrect: I have come Delhi yesterday.
Correct: I came Delhi yesterday.
Incorrect: They have gone to America a week ago.
Correct: They went to America a week ago.
Explanation:– we use simple past tense with Yesterday, last +night/week/day/month/year, ago.
Incorrect: I had seen him last week.
Correct: I saw him last week.
Incorrect: After she arrived home from school, she cooks food for the family.
Correct: After she arrives home from school, she cooks food for the family. (verb-tense consistency)
Correct: After she arrived home from school, she cooked food for the family. (verb-tense consistency)
Incorrect: He ate nothing since yesterday.
Correct: He has eaten nothing since yesterday.
Incorrect: It’s time we should buy a new car.
Correct: It’s time we bought a new car.
Incorrect: It is high time you would get a job.
Correct: It is high time you got a job.
Explanation:– Use simple past tense [sub.+V2] with It is time/it is high time/It is right time.