Types of conjunctions (grammar) and rules

A conjunction is a word that connects other words or groups of words. Conjunction (संयोजक) वह शब्द है जो दो शब्दों या दो वाक्यो /उपवाक्यों को जोड़ता है

Ex:- Ravi and Vikas are friends.

 

Types of conjunctions

There are three types of conjunctions:-

  • Co-ordinate conjunction
  • Subordinate conjunction
  • Correlative conjunction

types of conjunctions

1.Co-ordinate conjunctions:-

And, but, or, nor, for, yet, so, As well as, only, then, No less than, otherwise, still etc

Co-ordinate conjunctions are conjunctions which connect two equal parts of a sentence. The most common ones are and, or, but, and so which are used in the following ways:

  • And is used to join words together in the sentence [You and I are students.]
  • Or is used to show choice or possibilities [He will be here on Monday or Tuesday.]
  • But is used to show opposite or conflicting ideas [He is fat but strong.]
  • So is used to show result [I was tired so I went to sleep.]
2.Subordinate conjunctions :-

as, because, since, before, unless, until, when, while, after, as if, as soon as, as long as, which, where, etc.

subordinate conjunctions connect two parts of a sentence that are not equal and will be discussed more in another class.( अर्थात एक उपवाक्य दुसरे उपवाक्य पर निर्भर रहता है)

  • He was fined as he came late.
  • If he comes, I shall go. (= I shall go if he comes)
  • You will fail unless you work hard.
  • If you work hard, you will pass. (= You will pass if you work hard)
3. Correlative conjunctions:

Co-relative conjunctions हमेशा pair में ही use होते है

both…….and

either……or

neither……nor

Not only……..but also

No sooner……than

Hardly/scarcely…….when

So…….as

Such……. that

Between…..and etc.

Correlative conjunctions are the pair of conjunctions that work together.

 Ex:-  Both Ravi and Kartik are good friends. [both…..and]

You can neither read nor write.

He is both teacher and writer.

Though he is poor yet he is honest.

He would rather die than

As you do, so you get.

Contact us between 10 a.m. and 6 p.m.

No sooner had I reached the station than the train departed.

He is not only foolish but also mad.

You may read also:-
Conjunction: Important questions asked in SSC-CGL 2017
Conjunction common errors: important for SSC exams
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