Collective Nouns | Collective Nouns Examples
Collective nouns are the name given to a group of persons/collection of things taken together and spoken of as one whole. collective nouns describe groups.
(Collective nouns से समूह का बोध होता है)|
Ex:- Army, government, committee, family, nation, class, herd, audience etc.
Types of Collective Nouns
There are two types of collective nouns:-
They are compact in their meaning अर्थात ये words अपने आप में एक समूह(group/collection) को दर्शाते है| Ex-army, government, family etc
They are not compact in their meaning and need the support of certain other words.
ये words कोई समूह नहीं दर्शाते बल्कि कुछ विशेष words (bunch, heard, flock etc.) का use करके इनको समूहवाचक बनाया जाता है Ex.-a heard of lions, a bunch of keys etc.
Lion means शेर, लेकिन इसके पहले a heard of लगा देने से ये एक ऐसा word बन गया है जो एक समूह को दर्शाता है, a heard of lions means शेरो का झुण्ड
Ex-The kids each grabbed a bunch of grapes for a snack.
Q.- A large herd of cows are grazing by the river. (Incorrect)
A large herd of cow is grazing by the river. (Incorrect)
A large herd of cows is grazing by the river. (Correct)
Note:-Normally collective nouns are used in singular form but some time they can be pluralized if there is any dispute among the members or something is said individually.
i.e. collective noun का प्रयोग सामान्यतः एकवचन में होता है,इनका प्रयोग बहुवचन में तभी किया जाता है जब कोई मतभेद हो या फिर प्रत्येक सदस्य के बारे में कुछ कहा जाये –
किन्तु जब collective noun को as a singular noun treat किया जाता है तब इसके साथ singular verb(is/has/was) तथा ’it’ pronoun का use होता है-
Ex-The group is happy with their performance. (incorrect)
The group are happy with its performance. (incorrect)
The group is happy with its performance. (Correct)
Ex:-My family is living in that house. (correct)
My family are living in various parts of India. (correct)
पहले sentence से ये confirm होता है कि all the family members are living together in a house. इसलिए family को singular treat किया गया है but in the second sentence, all the family members are not living together. इसलिए family को plural treat किया गया है.
Ex:-Every afternoon the football team follows its coach out to the field for practice. (correct)
उपरोक्त example से exam में निम्नलिखित questions बन सकते है –
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Collective nouns examples
Every afternoon(A)/ the football team follow(B)/ its coach out to the field for practice(C)/ no error(D)
Every afternoon the football team follows their coach out to the field for practice.
a. team follow its
b. team follows its
c. team follow their
d. No improvement
Ex:-The team is divided over the issue of captainship. (Incorrect)
The team are divided over the issue of captainship. (correct)(मतभेद)
Ex:- Indian cricket team is playing well today.(correct)(एकमत)
Q:-The audience has/have taken his/their seats
Ans: The audience have taken their seats. ( क्योंकि सब लोगो ने अलग अलग seat ली है)