Nouns in Hindi | संज्ञा के प्रकार | Types of Noun in Hindi

Nouns in Hindi

Nouns are words that are used to name a person(व्यक्ति), place(स्थान), thing(वस्तु), action(क्रिया), state(अवस्था) or quality. (गुण) . इसके विपरीत कोई  action(क्रिया), state(अवस्था)  तथा quality(गुण) के नाम भी  Nouns है|A few examples of nouns in Hindi are given below:-

Ex:- Mohan, Delhi, Pen, Poverty, bravery etc.

Note:- इस तरह की Nouns को Abstract Nouns कहते है और इनके अंत में मुख्यतः ness, ice, dom, ry, tion, sion, ment, ity, ty, ism, al, ence आता है- Ex:-

Action:- laughter theft, judgement
State:- sleep, death, birth, pain, childhood, tension
Quality:- goodness, kindness, honesty, bravery etc

nonus in hindi

 

Nouns in Hindi

 

One word Nouns:- Hat, tree, engineer, Driver, happiness, decision, colorful etc.

Compound Nouns:- जो Noun एक से अधिक शब्दों से मिलकर बनती है वो compound Noun कहलाती है – Ex:-

Ing+noun

 

•         Dancing-couple, boiling water
Apostrophe

 

•         Aryan’s  car, Rahul’s book

 

Materials & Substances

 

golden watch, wooden table, Plastic rain coat etc.

 

Others swimming pool., mother-in-law, hairstyle. bus stop etc.

Ex:-    I want to a brand new washing machine.

Other compound Noun:  Current affairs, natural resources, high heels, social studies,  human rights etc. [Always plural]

Ex:- Natural resources are materials provided by the Earth.

Noun endings :  an, ant, ar, er, ian, ist,  (People who do things & people who come from places)

Ex.  Actor, assistant, driver, engineer, dentist , American, Roman, Indian Etc.

Noun formed from verb, adjective & other Noun:

(Normally ending with ion, ful, ence, ency, ness, al, ment, ety, ism, ity, ing.)   

i.e.- Noun के अंत में मुख्यत ion, ful, ence, ency, ness, al, ment, ety, ism, ity, ing  आता है

A. Noun formed from verbs :- (क्रिया से Noun बनाना)

Accept(स्वीकार करना  )+ance= Acceptance(स्वीकृति  )

Agree(सहमत  होना)+ment= Agreement (सहमति)

Discover(खोजना)+y=Discovery(खोज)     etc.

B. Noun formed from adjectives:- (विशेषण से Noun बनाना)

Absent(अनुपस्थित)+ence=Absence(अनुपस्थिति)

Active(फुर्तीला)+ity=activity(फुर्ती  )

Happy(खुश)+ness=happiness(ख़ुशी) etc.

C. Noun formed from other Noun:- (अन्य Noun से Noun बनाना)

Boy(लड़का)+hood=Boyhood(लड़कपन)

King(राजा)+dom=kingdom(साम्राज्य)

Hindu(हिन्दू)+ism= Hinduism(हिंदुत्व) Etc.

Nouns in Hindi

Note:- Parts of speech (Noun, pronoun, adjective……….) को परस्पर को एक दुसरे में बदलने को Word Formation कहते है और ये सीखना अत्यन्त महत्वपूर्ण है क्योंकि इस पर आधारित कई  questions, competitive exams में पूछे जाते है-

Ex:- Girls generally—————- in their mother.  [SSC- 2011]

A.confide     B. Confident         C. confidential            D. confidence

Ans:- A  Girls generally confide in their mother.( लड़कियां सामान्यत अपनी mother पर भरोसा करती है)

In above sentence,  confide is a verb, confidential (गोपनीय) & confident (आत्मविश्वासी) are adjectives and confidence(विश्वास) is a Noun.

वैसे भी generally, adverb of frequency है जिसके बाद verb का use होता है.

Normally adjectives के अंत में ant, ent, able, ible, ous, ful etc. आता है –

Ex:- confident, efficient, important, dangerous, peaceful, acceptable etc.

An Adjective is used after auxiliary verbs and before  Noun.

Ex:-It was the most ……………………. experience of my trip.

A. enjoy        B. Enjoyable         C. enjoyably            D. enjoyment

इस question को देखते ही हमें इसके answer का पता चल जाना चाहिए क्योंकि blank के तुरंत बाद वाला शब्द Noun(experience) है और Noun  से पहले adjective का use  होगा and इन चारो options  में enjoyable (able), adjective   है. इसलिए option B is correct.

COMMON ERRORS

nouns in hindi

Nouns in Hindi

Incorrect: The government is not aware of the poor’s problems.

Correct: The government is not aware of the problems of the poor.

Correct word

Incorrect: I am learning a new poetry.

Correct: I am learning a new poem.

Poetry means poems collectively.

Incorrect: He put your sign here.

Correct: He put your signature here.

Note:- sign is  verb and signature is Noun

my/your/our/their/his/her के बाद Noun का ही use  होता है|

Incorrect: We have received no informations about the accident.

Correct: We have received no information about the accident.

Incorrect: He gave me his advices on this project.

Correct: He gave me his advice on this project.

Incorrect: Parents must pay attention to the bringing of his children.

Correct: Parents must pay attention to the bringing of their children.

Incorrect: Every student should respect their teachers.

Correct: Every student should respect his teachers.

Incorrect: I have two hundreds rupees only.

Correct: I have two hundred rupees only.

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