Parts of speech in Hindi | 8 पार्ट्स ऑफ स्पीच in Hindi

Parts of speech in Hindi

Parts of speech in Hindi:- Parts of speech को हिंदी में शब्द भेद (category of words) कहते है| English grammar में शब्दों को  निम्नलिखित 8 categories (8 parts of speech) में विभाजित किया गया  है-

 

 

parts of speech in hindi

Parts of speech in Hindi

किसी भी language को समझने के लिए उस language कि grammar(व्याकरण) को समझना जरूरी होता है,

इसलिए English language को समझने के लिए भी Grammar को समझना आवश्यक है and Grammar को

समझने के लिए शब्दों(words) को समझना आवश्यक है|

कहने का मतलब यह है कि शब्द भेद(Parts of speech) को समझे बिना Grammar को नहीं समझा जा सकता.

इन शब्दों को जोड़कर ही phrases, clause and after that sentences का निर्माण होता है, Words कि इन 8

categories(8 parts of speech in Hindi) को भी आगे दो classes में divide किया गया है-

  • Open class
  • Closed class

Parts of speech in Hindi

A. Open class:

Open class का मतलब है vocabulary words अर्थात जिनकी संख्या असीमित (Unlimited) है| (They acquire new members constantly)

 

Open class:-  Noun, verb, Adjectives, Adverbs

 

B. Closed class:

Closed class का मतलब है Grammatical words अर्थात जिनकी संख्या सीमित(limited) है| (They acquire new members rarely)

 

Closed class:-  Prepositions, Conjunction, Pronoun, Determiners

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Parts of speech in Hindi

1.Noun (संज्ञा)

A noun is a word that is used to name a person(व्यक्ति), place(स्थान), thing(वस्तु), action(क्रिया), state(अवस्था) or quality. (गुण) in a sentence.

Ex:- Tom, Mumbai, Cat, Poverty, bravery, Table etc.

i.e.- कोई भी नाम एक Noun है ex:- Ravi, Delhi, Oil, chair etc.

Noun के अंत में मुख्यत ion, ful, ence, ency, ness, al, ment, ety, ism, ity, ing, an, ant, ar, er, ian, ist,  आता है

Ex:- Acceptance, happiness, actor, assistant, driver, engineer, discovery, kingdom, Hinduism etc.

 

Read more about countable and uncountable nouns

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2. Pronoun (सर्वनाम)

 

A pronoun is a word which can be used instead of a noun.

जो शब्द noun के स्थान पर प्रयोग होता है उसे pronoun कहते  है

 Ex: Ram is a student. He is a good boy.(He is the pronoun that replaces Ram.)

 

Read more about pronouns

3. Adjective (विशेषण)

 

An adjective is a word that describes or modifies a person or a thing in any sentence.

Or

Adjective वह शब्द है जो वाक्य में प्रयुक्त Noun या Pronoun की विशेषता बताता है Noun या Pronoun की विशेषता बताता है

Examples:

She is a beautiful girl.

tall man is walking along the river.

Read more about adjective types and degree of adjectives

4. Adverb (क्रिया विशेषण)

 

An adverb is a word to add something to the meaning verbadjective.

Example:– He does his work carefully.

अर्थात क्रिया की विशेषता बताने वाले शब्द को adverb कहते है|

 It is a word that describes how, where, when or how often an action takes place.

Read more about types of adverbs and common errors

5. Verb (क्रिया)

 

A verb describes an action or occurrence or indicates a state of being. A verb forms the heart of the sentence.

अर्थात जिस शब्द से किसी कार्य का करना  या होना पाया जाता है उसे verb कहते है

Examples:-

I am washing clothes.

He is a stupid boy.

Types of verbs (क्रिया के प्रकार)

A. Main verb:- Main verbs denote the main action in the sentences:-

  • 1. I read books.
  • He went to the market.

B. Auxiliary verb(सहायक क्रिया):- Auxiliary verbs help the main verb and Denote time and number of the action.

[ Is, are, am, was, were, has, have, Do, does, Will, shall, can, could, etc ]

Ex.1. He is a good boy.

2. I do not drink milk.

 

Read more about verbs

6. Prepositions

 

A preposition links nounspronouns and phrases to other words in a sentence.

The name “preposition” (pre + position) means “place before”. Prepositions.

Examples:

The book is on the table.

The book is beside the table.

Read more about prepositions 

7. Conjunctions (संयोजक)

 

A conjunction is a word that connects other words or groups of words. Conjunction (संयोजक) वह शब्द है जो दो शब्दों या दो वाक्यो /उपवाक्यों को जोड़ता है

Ex:- Ravi and Vikas are friends.

There are three types of conjunctions:-

Co-ordinate conjunction

Subordinate conjunction

Correlative conjunction

Read more about conjunctions

8. Interjection (विस्मयादिबोधक)

 

An interjection is a word which expresses some sudden feelings.

Interjection वह शब्द है जो दिल में अचानक उठने वाले भावों को प्रकट करता है

[Alas, Ah, Hurrah, Bravo, Hello, etc.]

Examples:-

1. Oh! what a beautiful rose.

2. Hurrah! We have won the match.

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