verb examples with explanation | Verb in Hindi

What is a verb?

A verb describes an action or occurrence or indicates a state of being. A verb forms the heart of the sentence.जिस शब्द से किसी कार्य का करना  या होना पाया जाता है उसे verb कहते है| Let’s see following verb examples:-

Examples:-

1. To Do (active form)

I read books.

I am reading moral stories.

I am doing my homework.

verb examples

Verb examples and types of verbs

ऊपर दिए गए वाक्यों में कार्य का करना दर्शाया गया है, ये verb की active form  है. इसलिए इन verbs को Action verbs भी कहते है.

Examples:

The chair is broken.

Vikas was punished for his mistake

 उपरोक्त वाक्यों से कार्य का करना नहीं बल्कि कार्य का होना (By someone or something) दर्शाया गया है इसलिए ये verbs की passive form है.

2. To Be(State) (what a person or thing is)

Examples:

The dog is dead.

He is a good boy.

ऊपर दिए गए दोनों वाक्यों से किसी कार्य का करना या होना नहीं दर्शाया जाता क्योंकि ये stative verbs है and  Stative verbs express a state rather than an action.

They typically relate to thoughts, emotions, relationships, senses, and states of being.

Note:- Remember, no sentence in English is complete without a verb. Verb के बिना किसी sentence का अस्तित्व नहीं है, सबसे छोटा वाक्य भी verb से ही बनता है|

Ex:- Come here.

Types of verbs (क्रिया के प्रकार) 

 

A. Main verb:

Main verbs denote the main action in the sentences:-

  • 1. I read books.
  • He went to the market.

Main verbsकी निम्नलिखित forms होती है-

V1 [Go, eat, write etc.] (the present form of verbs in plural number)

V2 [went,ate,wrote etc] (past form )

V3 [gone, eaten,written etc.] (past participle form )

V4(ing) [going,eating,writing etc.]

V5(s/es) [goes,eats,writes etc.]

 

B. The auxiliary verb(सहायक क्रिया):

Auxiliary verbs help the main verb and Denote time and number of the action.

[ Is, are, am, was, were, has, have, had, DoWill, shall, can, could, should, would ]

Examples:- He is a good boy.

I do not drink milk.

It may rain today.

I was going to Chennai.

ये निम्नलिखित प्रकार की होती है

To Be-          (is/are/am/was/were)

To Have-     (has/have/had)

To Do-          (do/does/did)

will, shall, would, can, could, need, may etc.

Ex:-I do not like her.

I was going to school. (past time)

He is playing Hockey. (present time)

He will go Delhi tomorrow. (future time)

Some important verb examples

Rule:- कुछ ऐसी verbs है जिनके दो past particle forms होती है, one is used as V3 and another is used as an adjective.

i.e. [adjective + noun]

V1 V2 Past participle

 

V3 Adjective
Drink Drank Drunk Drunken
Shrink Shrank Shrunk Shrunken
Sink Sank Sunk Sunken

 Ex: –A ship has sunken. (incorrect)

A ship has sunk.   (correct)

 Ex: –A drunk man was vomiting on the train.    (incorrect)

A drunken man was vomiting on the train.     (correct)

Rule:-   

To + V1 Purpose (उद्देश्य)
For + V+ing Reason(कारण)

Ex:-I wrote this book to share my knowledge with students. (correct)

I got acclaims to write this book. (incorrect)

I got acclaims for writing this book. (correct)

Another way to classify verbs

 

A. Continuous verbs:

These are usually physical actions that you can see somebody doing.These verb function as the main verb in the sentence in the “ing” form. (अर्थात कार्य का होना हम आँखों से देख सकते है)

  1. We play cricket every day.
  2. They are playing cricket in the ground.

The verb “to play” is a continuous verb and hence can exist in the “ing” form and still function as the main verb in the sentence.

B. Non-continuous verbs:

These verbs are usually things you can not see somebody doing. These verbs are rarely used as the main verb in the “ing “form.

These verbs are rarely used in continuous forms:-

  • Verbs of emotions – love, fear, envy, hate, dislike, believe etc.
  • Verbs of possession – possess, own,  belong etc
  • Abstract verbs –Be, want, cost, need, etc

Verb examples:

I am hating you.-(Incorrect)

I hate you –(Correct)

He is needing my help- (Incorrect)

He needs my help-(Correct)

Q. Believe me, I(A)/am believing (B)/ whatever you have said(C)/ no error(D) [SSC-2012]

Ans:- B( I believe)

2. Just outside my house are a playground for school boys and girls. [SSC-2015]

a. are a playground

b. For school boys and girls

c. just outside my house

d. no error

Ans:- a(is a playground)

Common errors in the use of verbs
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